Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide regulates interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 expression via SIRT1 modulation in human periodontal ligament cells.
|Title||Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide regulates interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 expression via SIRT1 modulation in human periodontal ligament cells.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Park, YD, Kim YS, Jung YM, Lee SI, Lee YM, Bang JB, Kim EC|
|Date Published||2012 Jun 8|
Increased interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 levels exist in the gingival tissue of periodontitis patients, but the precise molecular mechanisms that regulate IL-17 and IL-23 production remain unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the role of SIRT1 signaling on Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-17 and IL-23 production in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). IL-17 and IL-23 production was significantly increased in LPS-treated cells. LPS treatment also led to the upregulation of SIRT1 mRNA and protein expression. LPS-induced IL-17 and IL-23 upregulation was attenuated by pretreatment with inhibitors of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and NF-κB, as well as neutralizing antibodies against Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2 and 4. Sirtinol treatment (a known SIRT1 inhibitor) or SIRT1 knockdown by small interfering RNA blocked LPS-stimulated IL-17 and IL-23 expression. Further investigation showed that LPS decreased osteoblast markers (i.e., ALP, OPN, and BSP) and concomitantly increased osteoclast markers (i.e., RANKL and M-CSF). This response was attenuated by inhibitors of the PI3K, p38, ERK, JNK, NF-κB, and SIRT1 pathways. These findings, for the first time, suggest that human periodontopathogen P. gingivalis LPS is implicated in periodontal disease bone destruction and may mediate IL-17 and IL-23 release from hPDLCs. This process is dependent, at least in part, on SIRT1-Akt/PI3K-MAPK-NF-κB signaling.