|Title||Mutated citrullinated vimentin antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Journal||Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry|
|Date Published||2011 Oct 19|
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory systemic autoimmune disease, primarily affecting the peripheral joints. The past decade has been marked with revolutionary changes both in the therapeutic and diagnostic perspectives of RA. The discovery of an RA-specific citrullination-driven immune reaction gave a substantial contribution in the diagnostic approach to RA. Efforts directed towards the identification of the antigenic target specifically recognized by these autoantibodies resulted in the identification of vimentin in citrullinated form as the potential native antigen, among other proteins. Furthermore, it was found that the mutation of vimentin represents an independent trigger of antigenic properties, in addition to citrullination. As a result of this discovery, a commercial ELISA using mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV) was developed. Increasingly, data now support the use of anti-MCV in RA diagnosis and prognosis for errosion. This review summarizes the research to date on the use of anti-MCV in RA diagnosis and prognosis and its potential use as a therapeutic marker. The pathologic role of these antibodies in RA disease is also discussed.
|Short Title||Clin Chim Acta|