|Title||Affinity Enhancement Pretargeting: synthesis and testing of a 99mTc-labeled bivalent MORF.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||He, J, Wang Y, Dou S, Liu X, Zhang S, Liu G, Hnatowich D|
|Date Published||2010 May 27|
Pretargeting with bivalent effectors capable of bridging antitumor antibodies (affinity enhancement pretargeting) has been reported to provide superior results by affinity enhancement. Phosphorodiamidate morpholinos (MORFs) and other DNA analogues used for pretargeting are ideally suited as bivalent effectors since they are easily synthesized and the distance between binding regions, a determinant of binding, may be adjusted simply by lengthening the chain. We have shown by surface plasmon resonance that bivalent MORFs will provide superior affinity enhancement provided that suitable spacing exists between the binding regions. The goals of this study were to synthesize a bivalent MORF with a MAG3 group attached for technetium-99m (99mTc) radiolabeling, investigate whether the bivalent MORF showed improved cell accumulation in culture compared to its corresponding monovalent MORF and compare biodistributions in normal mice and pretargeting in tumored mice. An excess of an amine derivitized 18 mer MORF with 6 nonbinding bases for spacing was reacted with Fmoc-L-ss-homoglutamic acid to form duplexes via their carboxylate groups and, after deprotection, conjugated with NHS-MAG3 to attach the chelator. The anti-CEA antibody MN14 was conjugated with a 12 mer complementary MORF (i.e. cMORF). The binding behavior between radiolabeled monovalent and bivalent MORFs was compared in LS174T tumor cells at 4oC pretargeted with MN14-cMORF. Biodistributions of radiolabeled monovalent and bivalent MORFs at 3 h post-administration were measured in normal mice and in tumor mice pretargeted with MN14-cMORF. In pretargeted cells in culture, the accumulations of the bivalent MORF was significantly higher than the monovalent MORF (p = 0.002), thus providing strong evidence for affinity enhancement. In normal mice, whole body clearance of the bivalent and monovalent MORFs was equally rapid. In tumored mice, tumor accumulation of the radiolabeled bivalent MORF was significantly higher than that of the monovalent MORF. A bivalent MAG3-MORF was successfully synthesized and radiolabeled with 99mTc. While a pharmacokinetic effect for the higher tumor accumulations in pretargeted mice of the radiolabeled bivalent MORF cannot be excluded, the results may be best explained by affinity enhancement. Thus both the base sequences and chain length of a MORF effector was modified to improve tumor targeting by both pharmacokinetics and affinity enhancement influences.
|Short Title||Mol Pharm|